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Examples

Here are some examples of linguistic analyses using MeaningCloud:

Syntactic analysis of a sentence

To show how to carry out a syntactic analysis extracting topics we will use the following text as an example:

"Robert Downey Jr has topped Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year in a row."

  • Use the txt parameter to submit the text.
  • Choose with lang the language in which the text is going to be analyzed, in this case English, en.
  • Include your MeaningCloud license key as value for key parameter.
  • Choose an output format, for instance json as value for of.
  • Change the default value of the unknown words parameter, uw so the engine tries to find possible analysis when there are typos in the text.
  • Send tt with the value e to obtain the entities detected in the text in the corresponding token.
Example using curl
curl -XPOST "https://api.meaningcloud.com/parser-2.0?key=<<YOUR OWN KEY>>&of=json&lang=en&txt=Robert%20Downey%20Jr%20has%20topped%20Forbes%20magazine%27s%20annual%20list%20of%20the%20highest%20paid%20actors%20for%20the%20second%20year%20in%20a%20row.&uw=y&tt=e"
            
MeaningCloud API output
{
  "status": {
    "code": "0",
    "msg": "OK",
    "credits": "1"
  },
  "token_list": [
    {
      "type": "sentence",
      "id": "29",
      "inip": "0",
      "endp": "113",
      "style": {
        "isBold": "no",
        "isItalics": "no",
        "isUnderlined": "no",
        "isTitle": "no"
      },
      "separation": "A",
      "quote_level": "0",
      "affected_by_negation": "no",
      "token_list": [
        {
          "type": "phrase",
          "form": "Robert Downey Jr has topped Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year in a row",
          "id": "44",
          "inip": "0",
          "endp": "112",
          "style": {
            "isBold": "no",
            "isItalics": "no",
            "isUnderlined": "no",
            "isTitle": "no"
          },
          "separation": "_",
          "quote_level": "0",
          "affected_by_negation": "no",
          "analysis_list": [
            {
              "tag": "Z-----------",
              "lemma": "*",
              "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr has topped Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year in a row"
            }
          ],
          "token_list": [
            {
              "type": "phrase",
              "form": "Robert Downey Jr",
              "id": "34",
              "inip": "0",
              "endp": "15",
              "style": {
                "isBold": "no",
                "isItalics": "no",
                "isUnderlined": "no",
                "isTitle": "no"
              },
              "separation": "_",
              "quote_level": "0",
              "affected_by_negation": "no",
              "head": "31",
              "syntactic_tree_relation_list": [
                {
                  "id": "28",
                  "type": "isSubject"
                }
              ],
              "analysis_list": [
                {
                  "tag": "GNMS3S--",
                  "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                  "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr"
                },
                {
                  "tag": "GNFS3S--",
                  "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                  "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr"
                }
              ],
              "token_list": [
                {
                  "type": "multiword",
                  "form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                  "id": "31",
                  "inip": "0",
                  "endp": "15",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "_",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "head": "27",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "NPMS-N-",
                      "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "sense_id_list": [
                        {
                          "sense_id": "__12123288058840445720"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "tag": "NPMP-N-",
                      "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "sense_id_list": [
                        {
                          "sense_id": "__12123288058840445720"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "tag": "NPFS-N-",
                      "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "sense_id_list": [
                        {
                          "sense_id": "__12123288058840445720"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "tag": "NPFP-N-",
                      "lemma": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "original_form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "sense_id_list": [
                        {
                          "sense_id": "__12123288058840445720"
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ],
                  "sense_list": [
                    {
                      "id": "__12123288058840445720",
                      "form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                      "info": "sementity/class=instance@type=Top@confidence=unknown"
                    }
                  ],
                  "topic_list": {
                    "entity_list": [
                      {
                        "form": "Robert Downey Jr",
                        "id": "__12123288058840445720",
                        "sementity": {
                          "class": "instance",
                          "type": "Top",
                          "confidence": "unknown"
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "type": "multiword",
              "form": "has topped",
              "id": "28",
              "inip": "17",
              "endp": "26",
              "style": {
                "isBold": "no",
                "isItalics": "no",
                "isUnderlined": "no",
                "isTitle": "no"
              },
              "separation": "1",
              "quote_level": "0",
              "affected_by_negation": "no",
              "head": "4",
              "syntactic_tree_relation_list": [
                {
                  "id": "34",
                  "type": "iof_isSubject"
                },
                {
                  "id": "43",
                  "type": "iof_isDirectObject"
                },
                {
                  "id": "40",
                  "type": "iof_isComplement"
                }
              ],
              "analysis_list": [
                {
                  "tag": "VI-S3PPA-N-N9",
                  "lemma": "top",
                  "original_form": "has topped"
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "type": "phrase",
              "form": "Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year",
              "id": "43",
              "inip": "28",
              "endp": "103",
              "style": {
                "isBold": "no",
                "isItalics": "no",
                "isUnderlined": "no",
                "isTitle": "no"
              },
              "separation": "1",
              "quote_level": "0",
              "affected_by_negation": "no",
              "head": "36",
              "syntactic_tree_relation_list": [
                {
                  "id": "28",
                  "type": "isDirectObject"
                }
              ],
              "analysis_list": [
                {
                  "tag": "GN-S3D--",
                  "lemma": "list",
                  "original_form": "Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year"
                }
              ],
              "token_list": [
                {
                  "type": "phrase",
                  "form": "Forbes magazine",
                  "id": "35",
                  "inip": "28",
                  "endp": "42",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "1",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "head": "7",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "GN-S3---",
                      "lemma": "magazine",
                      "original_form": "Forbes magazine"
                    }
                  ],
                  "token_list": [
                    {
                      "form": "Forbes",
                      "id": "6",
                      "inip": "28",
                      "endp": "33",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "NP-S-N-",
                          "lemma": "Forbes",
                          "original_form": "Forbes",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "db0f9829ff"
                            }
                          ]
                        },
                        {
                          "tag": "NP-S-N-",
                          "lemma": "Forbes",
                          "original_form": "Forbes",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "9752b8b5ee"
                            }
                          ]
                        },
                        {
                          "tag": "NPMS-N-",
                          "lemma": "Forbes",
                          "original_form": "Forbes",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "4a3369b337"
                            }
                          ]
                        },
                        {
                          "tag": "NPFS-N-",
                          "lemma": "Forbes",
                          "original_form": "Forbes",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "4a3369b337"
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      ],
                      "sense_list": [
                        {
                          "id": "4a3369b337",
                          "form": "Forbes",
                          "info": "sementity/class=instance@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_LAST_NAME@type=Top>Person>LastName\tsemld_list=sumo:LastName"
                        },
                        {
                          "id": "9752b8b5ee",
                          "form": "Forbes",
                          "info": "sementity/class=instance@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_RIVER@type=Top>Location>GeographicalEntity>WaterForm>River\tsemld_list=sumo:River"
                        },
                        {
                          "id": "db0f9829ff",
                          "form": "Forbes",
                          "info": "sementity/class=instance@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_MAGAZINE@type=Top>Product>CulturalProduct>Printing>Magazine\tsemgeo_list/continent=America#id:33fc13e6dd@country=United States#id:beac1b545b#ISO3166-1-a2:US#ISO3166-1-a3:USA\tsemld_list=sumo:Magazine\tsemtheme_list/id=ODTHEME_ECONOMY@type=Top>SocialSciences>Economy"
                        }
                      ],
                      "topic_list": {
                        "entity_list": [
                          {
                            "form": "Forbes",
                            "id": "4a3369b337",
                            "sementity": {
                              "class": "instance",
                              "fiction": "nonfiction",
                              "id": "ODENTITY_LAST_NAME",
                              "type": "Top>Person>LastName"
                            },
                            "semld_list": [
                              "sumo:LastName"
                            ]
                          },
                          {
                            "form": "Forbes",
                            "id": "9752b8b5ee",
                            "sementity": {
                              "class": "instance",
                              "fiction": "nonfiction",
                              "id": "ODENTITY_RIVER",
                              "type": "Top>Location>GeographicalEntity>WaterForm>River"
                            },
                            "semld_list": [
                              "sumo:River"
                            ]
                          },
                          {
                            "form": "Forbes",
                            "id": "db0f9829ff",
                            "sementity": {
                              "class": "instance",
                              "fiction": "nonfiction",
                              "id": "ODENTITY_MAGAZINE",
                              "type": "Top>Product>CulturalProduct>Printing>Magazine"
                            },
                            "semgeo_list": [
                              {
                                "continent": {
                                  "form": "America",
                                  "id": "33fc13e6dd"
                                },
                                "country": {
                                  "form": "United States",
                                  "id": "beac1b545b",
                                  "standard_list": [
                                    {
                                      "id": "ISO3166-1-a2",
                                      "value": "US"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "id": "ISO3166-1-a3",
                                      "value": "USA"
                                    }
                                  ]
                                }
                              }
                            ],
                            "semld_list": [
                              "sumo:Magazine"
                            ],
                            "semtheme_list": [
                              {
                                "id": "ODTHEME_ECONOMY",
                                "type": "Top>SocialSciences>Economy"
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    },
                    {
                      "form": "magazine",
                      "id": "7",
                      "inip": "35",
                      "endp": "42",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "NC-S-N5",
                          "lemma": "magazine",
                          "original_form": "magazine",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "a0a1a5401f"
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      ],
                      "sense_list": [
                        {
                          "id": "a0a1a5401f",
                          "form": "magazine",
                          "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_MAGAZINE@type=Top>Product>CulturalProduct>Printing>Magazine\tsemld_list=sumo:Magazine"
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                },
                {
                  "form": "'s",
                  "id": "26",
                  "inip": "43",
                  "endp": "44",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "A",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "WN-",
                      "lemma": "'s",
                      "original_form": "'s"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                {
                  "type": "phrase",
                  "form": "annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year",
                  "id": "36",
                  "inip": "46",
                  "endp": "103",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "1",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "head": "11",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "GN-S3---",
                      "lemma": "list",
                      "original_form": "annual list"
                    }
                  ],
                  "token_list": [
                    {
                      "form": "annual",
                      "id": "10",
                      "inip": "46",
                      "endp": "51",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "AP-N5",
                          "lemma": "annual",
                          "original_form": "annual"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "form": "list",
                      "id": "11",
                      "inip": "53",
                      "endp": "56",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "NC-S-N5",
                          "lemma": "list",
                          "original_form": "list"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "type": "phrase",
                      "form": "of the highest paid actors for the second year",
                      "id": "42",
                      "inip": "58",
                      "endp": "103",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "head": "12",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "GY------",
                          "lemma": "of",
                          "original_form": "of the highest paid actors for the second year"
                        }
                      ],
                      "token_list": [
                        {
                          "form": "of",
                          "id": "12",
                          "inip": "58",
                          "endp": "59",
                          "style": {
                            "isBold": "no",
                            "isItalics": "no",
                            "isUnderlined": "no",
                            "isTitle": "no"
                          },
                          "separation": "1",
                          "quote_level": "0",
                          "affected_by_negation": "no",
                          "analysis_list": [
                            {
                              "tag": "YN9",
                              "lemma": "of",
                              "original_form": "of"
                            }
                          ]
                        },
                        {
                          "type": "phrase",
                          "form": "the highest paid actors for the second year",
                          "id": "37",
                          "inip": "61",
                          "endp": "103",
                          "style": {
                            "isBold": "no",
                            "isItalics": "no",
                            "isUnderlined": "no",
                            "isTitle": "no"
                          },
                          "separation": "1",
                          "quote_level": "0",
                          "affected_by_negation": "no",
                          "head": "16",
                          "analysis_list": [
                            {
                              "tag": "GN-P3---",
                              "lemma": "actor",
                              "original_form": "the highest paid actors"
                            }
                          ],
                          "token_list": [
                            {
                              "form": "the",
                              "id": "13",
                              "inip": "61",
                              "endp": "63",
                              "style": {
                                "isBold": "no",
                                "isItalics": "no",
                                "isUnderlined": "no",
                                "isTitle": "no"
                              },
                              "separation": "1",
                              "quote_level": "0",
                              "affected_by_negation": "no",
                              "analysis_list": [
                                {
                                  "tag": "TD-PN9",
                                  "lemma": "the",
                                  "original_form": "the"
                                }
                              ]
                            },
                            {
                              "form": "highest",
                              "id": "14",
                              "inip": "65",
                              "endp": "71",
                              "style": {
                                "isBold": "no",
                                "isItalics": "no",
                                "isUnderlined": "no",
                                "isTitle": "no"
                              },
                              "separation": "1",
                              "quote_level": "0",
                              "affected_by_negation": "no",
                              "analysis_list": [
                                {
                                  "tag": "AS-N5",
                                  "lemma": "high",
                                  "original_form": "highest"
                                }
                              ]
                            },
                            {
                              "form": "paid",
                              "id": "15",
                              "inip": "73",
                              "endp": "76",
                              "style": {
                                "isBold": "no",
                                "isItalics": "no",
                                "isUnderlined": "no",
                                "isTitle": "no"
                              },
                              "separation": "1",
                              "quote_level": "0",
                              "affected_by_negation": "no",
                              "analysis_list": [
                                {
                                  "tag": "VP---ASA-N-N5",
                                  "lemma": "pay",
                                  "original_form": "paid",
                                  "sense_id_list": [
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_TRANSACTION"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_COMMUNICATION_PROCESS"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_CHANGE_OF_POSSESSION"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PROCESS"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PSYCHOLOGICAL_PROCESS"
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "ODENTITY_MEETING"
                                    }
                                  ]
                                }
                              ],
                              "sense_list": [
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_CHANGE_OF_POSSESSION",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_CHANGE_OF_POSSESSION@type=Top>Process>IntentionalProcess>SocialInteraction>ChangeOfPossession\tsemld_list=sumo:IntentionalProcess"
                                },
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_COMMUNICATION_PROCESS",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_COMMUNICATION_PROCESS@type=Top>Process>ContentBearingProcess>CommunicationProcess\tsemld_list=sumo:Entity"
                                },
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PROCESS",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PROCESS@type=Top>Process>IntentionalProcess\tsemld_list=sumo:IntentionalProcess"
                                },
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PSYCHOLOGICAL_PROCESS",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_INTENTIONAL_PSYCHOLOGICAL_PROCESS@type=Top>Process>IntentionalProcess>IntentionalPsychologicalProcess\tsemld_list=sumo:IntentionalProcess"
                                },
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_MEETING",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_MEETING@type=Top>Process>IntentionalProcess>SocialInteraction>Meeting\tsemld_list=sumo:IntentionalProcess"
                                },
                                {
                                  "id": "ODENTITY_TRANSACTION",
                                  "form": "pay",
                                  "info": "sementity/id=ODENTITY_TRANSACTION@type=Top>Process>DualObjectProcess>Transaction\tsemld_list=sumo:Entity"
                                }
                              ]
                            },
                            {
                              "form": "actors",
                              "id": "16",
                              "inip": "78",
                              "endp": "83",
                              "style": {
                                "isBold": "no",
                                "isItalics": "no",
                                "isUnderlined": "no",
                                "isTitle": "no"
                              },
                              "separation": "1",
                              "quote_level": "0",
                              "affected_by_negation": "no",
                              "analysis_list": [
                                {
                                  "tag": "NC-P-N5",
                                  "lemma": "actor",
                                  "original_form": "actors",
                                  "sense_id_list": [
                                    {
                                      "sense_id": "4014a7dc12"
                                    }
                                  ]
                                }
                              ],
                              "sense_list": [
                                {
                                  "id": "4014a7dc12",
                                  "form": "actor",
                                  "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_VOCATION@type=Top>OtherEntity>Vocation\tsemld_list=sumo:Position\tsemtheme_list/id=ODTHEME_ARTS@type=Top>Arts"
                                }
                              ]
                            },
                            {
                              "type": "phrase",
                              "form": "for the second year",
                              "id": "41",
                              "inip": "85",
                              "endp": "103",
                              "style": {
                                "isBold": "no",
                                "isItalics": "no",
                                "isUnderlined": "no",
                                "isTitle": "no"
                              },
                              "separation": "1",
                              "quote_level": "0",
                              "affected_by_negation": "no",
                              "head": "17",
                              "analysis_list": [
                                {
                                  "tag": "GY------",
                                  "lemma": "for",
                                  "original_form": "for the second year"
                                }
                              ],
                              "token_list": [
                                {
                                  "form": "for",
                                  "id": "17",
                                  "inip": "85",
                                  "endp": "87",
                                  "style": {
                                    "isBold": "no",
                                    "isItalics": "no",
                                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                                    "isTitle": "no"
                                  },
                                  "separation": "1",
                                  "quote_level": "0",
                                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                                  "analysis_list": [
                                    {
                                      "tag": "YN5",
                                      "lemma": "for",
                                      "original_form": "for"
                                    }
                                  ]
                                },
                                {
                                  "type": "phrase",
                                  "form": "the second year",
                                  "id": "38",
                                  "inip": "89",
                                  "endp": "103",
                                  "style": {
                                    "isBold": "no",
                                    "isItalics": "no",
                                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                                    "isTitle": "no"
                                  },
                                  "separation": "1",
                                  "quote_level": "0",
                                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                                  "head": "20",
                                  "analysis_list": [
                                    {
                                      "tag": "GN-S3T--",
                                      "lemma": "year",
                                      "original_form": "the second year"
                                    }
                                  ],
                                  "token_list": [
                                    {
                                      "form": "the",
                                      "id": "18",
                                      "inip": "89",
                                      "endp": "91",
                                      "style": {
                                        "isBold": "no",
                                        "isItalics": "no",
                                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                                        "isTitle": "no"
                                      },
                                      "separation": "1",
                                      "quote_level": "0",
                                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                                      "analysis_list": [
                                        {
                                          "tag": "TD-SN9",
                                          "lemma": "the",
                                          "original_form": "the"
                                        }
                                      ]
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "form": "second",
                                      "id": "19",
                                      "inip": "93",
                                      "endp": "98",
                                      "style": {
                                        "isBold": "no",
                                        "isItalics": "no",
                                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                                        "isTitle": "no"
                                      },
                                      "separation": "1",
                                      "quote_level": "0",
                                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                                      "analysis_list": [
                                        {
                                          "tag": "NC-S-N5",
                                          "lemma": "second",
                                          "original_form": "second",
                                          "sense_id_list": [
                                            {
                                              "sense_id": "9a8f54cd04"
                                            }
                                          ]
                                        }
                                      ],
                                      "sense_list": [
                                        {
                                          "id": "9a8f54cd04",
                                          "form": "second",
                                          "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_PERIOD@type=Top>Timex>Period\tsemld_list=sumo:TimeInterval"
                                        }
                                      ]
                                    },
                                    {
                                      "form": "year",
                                      "id": "20",
                                      "inip": "100",
                                      "endp": "103",
                                      "style": {
                                        "isBold": "no",
                                        "isItalics": "no",
                                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                                        "isTitle": "no"
                                      },
                                      "separation": "1",
                                      "quote_level": "0",
                                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                                      "analysis_list": [
                                        {
                                          "tag": "NC-S-N7",
                                          "lemma": "year",
                                          "original_form": "year",
                                          "sense_id_list": [
                                            {
                                              "sense_id": "782b286b79"
                                            },
                                            {
                                              "sense_id": "50b37cb80f"
                                            }
                                          ]
                                        }
                                      ],
                                      "sense_list": [
                                        {
                                          "id": "50b37cb80f",
                                          "form": "year",
                                          "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_DATE@type=Top>Timex>Date\tsemld_list=sumo:DatePeriod"
                                        },
                                        {
                                          "id": "782b286b79",
                                          "form": "year",
                                          "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_PERIOD@type=Top>Timex>Period\tsemld_list=sumo:TimeInterval"
                                        }
                                      ]
                                    }
                                  ]
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "type": "phrase",
              "form": "in a row",
              "id": "40",
              "inip": "105",
              "endp": "112",
              "style": {
                "isBold": "no",
                "isItalics": "no",
                "isUnderlined": "no",
                "isTitle": "no"
              },
              "separation": "1",
              "quote_level": "0",
              "affected_by_negation": "no",
              "head": "21",
              "syntactic_tree_relation_list": [
                {
                  "id": "28",
                  "type": "isComplement"
                }
              ],
              "analysis_list": [
                {
                  "tag": "GY---C--",
                  "lemma": "in",
                  "original_form": "in a row"
                }
              ],
              "token_list": [
                {
                  "form": "in",
                  "id": "21",
                  "inip": "105",
                  "endp": "106",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "1",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "YN6",
                      "lemma": "in",
                      "original_form": "in"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                {
                  "type": "phrase",
                  "form": "a row",
                  "id": "39",
                  "inip": "108",
                  "endp": "112",
                  "style": {
                    "isBold": "no",
                    "isItalics": "no",
                    "isUnderlined": "no",
                    "isTitle": "no"
                  },
                  "separation": "1",
                  "quote_level": "0",
                  "affected_by_negation": "no",
                  "head": "23",
                  "analysis_list": [
                    {
                      "tag": "GN-S3---",
                      "lemma": "row",
                      "original_form": "a row"
                    }
                  ],
                  "token_list": [
                    {
                      "form": "a",
                      "id": "22",
                      "inip": "108",
                      "endp": "108",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "QD-SPN9",
                          "lemma": "a",
                          "original_form": "a"
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    {
                      "form": "row",
                      "id": "23",
                      "inip": "110",
                      "endp": "112",
                      "style": {
                        "isBold": "no",
                        "isItalics": "no",
                        "isUnderlined": "no",
                        "isTitle": "no"
                      },
                      "separation": "1",
                      "quote_level": "0",
                      "affected_by_negation": "no",
                      "analysis_list": [
                        {
                          "tag": "NC-S-N2",
                          "lemma": "row",
                          "original_form": "row",
                          "sense_id_list": [
                            {
                              "sense_id": "c5fd6e4956"
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      ],
                      "sense_list": [
                        {
                          "id": "c5fd6e4956",
                          "form": "fight",
                          "info": "sementity/class=class@fiction=nonfiction@id=ODENTITY_EVENT@type=Top>Event\tsemld_list=sumo:Meeting"
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "form": ".",
          "id": "24",
          "inip": "113",
          "endp": "113",
          "style": {
            "isBold": "no",
            "isItalics": "no",
            "isUnderlined": "no",
            "isTitle": "no"
          },
          "separation": "A",
          "quote_level": "0",
          "affected_by_negation": "no",
          "analysis_list": [
            {
              "tag": "1D--",
              "lemma": ".",
              "original_form": "."
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}            

Morphological analysis of a sentence

To show how to work with the output to obtain the morphological analysis of a sentence we will use the following text as an example:

"Robert Downey Jr has topped Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year in a row."

We will:

  • Use the txt parameter to submit the text.
  • Choose with lang the language in which the text is going to be analyzed, in this case English, en.
  • Include your MeaningCloud license key as value for key parameter.
  • Choose an output format, for instance json as value for of.
  • Activate the verbose parameter to obtain the morphological tag explained.

The following code contains a request to the API using this parameters, and processes the output to obtain an array (morpho) with the tokens with the morphological analysis. After that we will print them

The code would be called like this:
php parser-2.0-gist-morpho.php
And this will be the output for the example sentence:
Tokens:
==============
Robert Downey Jr
        NPMS-N-: noun, proper, masculine, singular
        NPMP-N-: noun, proper, masculine, plural
        NPFS-N-: noun, proper, feminine, singular
        NPFP-N-: noun, proper, feminine, plural
has topped
        VI-S3PPA-N-N9: verb, indicative, singular, 3rd person, present, perfect, active, maximum frequency word
Forbes
        NP-S-N-: noun, proper, singular
        NP-S-N-: noun, proper, singular
        NPMS-N-: noun, proper, masculine, singular
        NPFS-N-: noun, proper, feminine, singular
magazine
        NC-S-N5: noun, common, singular, medium frequency word
's
        WN-: saxon genitive
annual
        AP-N5: adjective, positive, medium frequency word
list
        NC-S-N5: noun, common, singular, medium frequency word
of
        YN9: preposition, maximum frequency word
the
        TD-PN9: article, determiner, plural, maximum frequency word
highest
        AS-N5: adjective, superlative, medium frequency word
paid
        VP---ASA-N-N5: verb, participle, past, simple, active, medium frequency word
actors
        NC-P-N5: noun, common, plural, medium frequency word
for
        YN5: preposition, medium frequency word
the
        TD-SN9: article, determiner, singular, maximum frequency word
second
        NC-S-N5: noun, common, singular, medium frequency word
year
        NC-S-N7: noun, common, singular, high frequency word
in
        YN6: preposition, medium-high frequency word
a
        QD-SPN9: quantifier, determiner, singular, positive, maximum frequency word
row
        NC-S-N2: noun, common, singular, very low frequency word
.
        1D: punctuation, other
            

Lemmatization of a sentence

To show how to work with the output to lemmatize a sentence we will use the following text as an example:

"Robert Downey Jr has topped Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest paid actors for the second year in a row."

We will:

  • Use the txt parameter to submit the text.
  • Choose with lang the language in which the text is going to be analyzed, in this case English, en.
  • Include your MeaningCloud license key as value for key parameter.
  • Choose an output format, for instance json as value for of.

The following code contains a request to the API using this parameters, and processes the output to obtain an array (morpho) with the tokens with the morphological analysis. After that we will print them

The code would be called like this:
php parser-2.0-gist-lemma.php
And this will be the output for the example sentence, where for each token the form followed by all the possible lemmas will be printed, and the different levels in the tree will be marked with curly brackets:
Tokens:
=============
{{{{Robert Downey Jr|Robert Downey Jr|Robert Downey Jr|Robert Downey Jr|Robert Downey Jr}}{has topped|top}{{{Forbes|Forbes|Forbes|Forbes|Forbes}{magazine|magazine}}{'s|'s}{{annual|annual}{list|list}{{of|of}{{the|the}{highest|high}{paid|pay}{actors|actor}{{for|for}{{the|the}{second|second}{year|year}}}}}}}{{in|in}{{a|a}{row|row}}}}{.|.}}